Health
Thursday, October 26, 2017
 
The dangers of cyberbullying - By Dr. Anthony Policastro We have all heard about cyberbullying. Teens get bullied so much on social media that they react. Sometimes that reaction is in the form of mood changes, other times it is more serious and can result in major depressive disorder. In extreme cases, cyberbullying can also lead to suicide. None of these are desirable outcomes. We are beginning to collect data that shows how significant the problem really is. The data suggests that cyberbullying is more of a problem among teenage girls than boys. Over the last decade, the incidence of major depressive disorder in teenage girls is 13%. That may not sound high, however, when you consider that it represents a 60% increase even that small number becomes significant. For comparison, the increase in boys was 20% over that same period. The incidence of suicide in girls ages 15-19, is currently at its highest level since 1975 and it has tripled in the last decade. There also appears to be a link between time spent on social media. Girls who spent more than three hours a day on social media had a 34% higher rate of suicide related events than those who spent less than three hours per day. One might ask the question as a chicken and the egg problem. Do they spend more time on social media because they are depressed? Or, do they get depressed because they spend more time on social media? This has been studied. Researchers found that social media use leads to unhappiness, however, unhappiness does not lead to more social media use. The unfortunate thing about this information is that there is not a study that shows an exact correlation. There isnt a smoking gun showing that social media actually causes unhappiness. Despite that fact, there are some guidelines that we can use when addressing this issue. The first guideline is the most obvious. If there are increased risks with over three hours of use per day, parents need to make sure they cap usage at that level. There are about six hours of free time per day after school and sleep and eating are done. Do teenage girls need to spend 50% of that time on social media? The second guideline is that we really need to know what kinds of things are happening with our teenagers on social media. A good level of trust between parent and teen is necessary so that information can be shared. We know that we need to be more on top of things for teenage girls than teenage boys. Parents should be aware of evidence that their child is becoming depressed. That is a huge topic for another column. The plan to address this issue is not very different than addressing other concerns about electronic media. Parents need to be actively involved with their children in terms of electronic media. It is a new facet of parenting that did not exist in the past.

Fit for Life: Sprint Triathlon Training - By Jonathan Soude A few weeks ago Cambridge hosted an Ironman Triathlon. An Ironman Triathlon consists of a 2.4 mile swim, a 112-mile bicycle ride, and a marathon run of 26.22 miles in that order without stopping. So, whos interested in training their body for that? Most of us dont have time to even think about training for an ironman triathlon nor would most people want to do this. The 2.4 mile swim (usually done in the open water with varying currents) is enough to scare most people away from triathlons. Theres an easier triathlon called the sprint triathlon for the beginner level (.47 mile swim, 12.4 mile bike ride, and 3.1 mile/5K run). Its more attractive and realistic to do making it the most popular race in the triathlon world. Ive recently had a few people tell me that theyre training for this type of race. Most sprint triathlon coaches say that with a consistent 12 week training plan and one workout a day (excluding rest days which are important), the average person may be able to complete this race in 90 minutes. According to the American Council on Exercise (ACE), most training needs to be performed at a moderate intensity level where you can hold a conversation (but cant sing). This is called the base phase of training and most people train in this phase until race day since their goal is to just cross the finish line. Once youve established your training base, you can build your training to a higher level. Just be sure to taper off your training before the race day to allow your body time to rest and be ready for the race day best performance. Heres a few tips to help you prepare for the race day. Practice setting up your race gear prior to the race day. Be sure to make a checklist of all your equipment to make sure you packed everything. Dont do any hard workouts during the week prior to race day. Get plenty of sleep, eat nutritiously and rest the week prior to the race. Hydrate your body well before race day and load up on the carbohydrates the night before. Review the race course and rules. Dont try anything new on the race day. Dont clutter the transition area. Thank the volunteers and thank your supporters. If youre planning on doing a sprint triathlon, have fun and enjoy the training and performance adventure! Heres to your health and safety while you train.

About the author Jonathan Souder is the fitness director at Manor House, an Acts Retirement-Life Community in Seaford, www.manorhouse.org. Email your thoughts to jsouder@actslife.org.

Bariatric support groups f1b0 Nanticoke Weight Loss & General Surgery hosts bariatric support groups three times a month at the Nanticoke Training Center located in the Miller Building at 121 S. Front St., Seaford. These groups provide education and support to patients before and after their bariatric weight loss surgery and are open to the public.

Meetings consist of guest speakers and presentations to provide information about nutrition, supplements, exercise and behavior modifications. Patients and their spouses, family members or friends are welcome to attend. Registration is not required. The general bariatric support group is open to all bariatric patients before and after their surgery and is held the first Tuesday of each month from 5:30 to 6:30 p.m. The post-op bariatric support group is designed for post-op bariatric patients and is held on the 2nd Tuesday of each month from 6 to 7 p.m. The nutrition-focused bariatric support group is designed to provide nutritional support to bariatric patients and is held the fourth Monday of each month from 6 to 7 p.m. For more information, visit www.nanticokeweightloss.org or call 536-5395.

Nanticoke Tributes for Healthcare Leadership is Nov. 9 The 14th Annual Nanticoke Tributes for Healthcare Leadership, presented by Nanticoke Health Services, will take place Thursday, Nov. 9 at the Heritage Shores Clubhouse in Bridgeville from 6-9 p.m. The awards honor individuals who have made significant contributions to the provision and improvement of healthcare in the communities of western Sussex County. The Founders Award will be presented to Nancy Cook-Marsh; the Charles C. Allen, Jr. Philanthropy Award is being awarded to the Trinity Foundation, and Dr. James Palmer is being inducted into the Nanticoke Physicians Hall of Fame. For more information, visit www.nanticoke.org/tributes or contact the Nanticoke Health Foundation at 536-5390.

Nanticoke Weight Loss to host Believe to Achieve 5K fun run/walk Nanticoke Weight Loss and General Surgery will host their Second Annual 5k fun run/walk on Saturday, Oct. 28 at 10 a.m. at the Hoopers Landing Fitness Trail in Seaford. This event is a fun run/walk for weight loss patients and their family and friends and is appropriate for all ages and fitness levels.Online pre-registration will be open from Oct. 1-26 at nanticokeweightloss.org/BelievetoAchieve. Cost to participate is $15 which includes an event t-shirt. Late registrations or day-of registrations will also be $15, but t-shirts will be limited to sizes on hand. Registration and check-in begins at 9 a.m. and the 5k walk/run begins at 10 a.m. Strollers are allowed, but will be asked to line up in the rear.

Drug Take-Back Dayis Oct. 28 Delaware will hold a Drug Take-Back Day onSaturday, Oct. 28, to help reduce the risk of prescription medications being diverted for misuse. Delawareans can discard their expired or unused medications at 22 locations statewide between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. With hundreds of lives being lost to drug overdoses each year in Delaware, the Drug Take-Back Day takes on added significance. Organized by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Department of Health and Social Service (DHSS), thetwice-a-year event has resulted in more than 70,000pounds of medication being collected in 14 events. Properlydiscarding unused medications reduces the risk of addiction,keeps prescription medications out of the hands of people who may abuse them, helps prevent drug overdoses and protects groundwater. Tragically,in more than 80 percent of the 308 fatal overdoses in Delaware last year, the presence of one or more prescription drugs was detected, said DHSS Secretary Dr. Kara Odom Walker. National studies show that almost two-thirds of people who misuse prescription drugs get them from friends and family, including by raiding medicine cabinets, purses and drawers. As of Oct. 18, 2017, there have been 180 suspected drug overdose deaths in Delaware.In2016, 308 people died from drug overdoses, compared to228 in 2015 and 222 in 2014. In addition to the 22 participating sites in Drug Take-Back Day activities, there arealso 21 permanent medicine drop-off locations across the state available year-round. In April,Walgreens became thefirst private Delaware retailer to install safe medicine disposal boxes. Six of Delawares permanent drop-off sites arein Walgreens pharmacies.The remaining 15 are located in local law enforcement agencies. Delawareans seeking help for drug addiction, medical providers seeking information on patient education and treatment resources, or individuals searching for information about naloxone training classes and how to use the medicine, can visit www.HelpIsHereDE.com. On Drug Take-Back Day, drugs for disposalmust be in a container such as a pill bottle, box, blister pack, or zipped plastic bag, with personal information removed. Liquid medications must be in their original containers. Needles, aerosols, biohazard materials, medical equipment, and batteries will not be accepted. Sussex County Drug Take-BackDay sites are: City of Lewes Board of Public Works,129 Schley Ave., Lewes, DE 19958 Dagsboro Police Department, 33134 Main St., Dagsboro, DE 19939 Delaware State Police Troop 4,23652 Shortly Road, Georgetown, DE 19947 Delaware State Police Troop 7, 18006 Coastal Highway, Lewes, DE 19958 Laurel Police Dept.,205 Mechanic St., Laurel, DE 19956(permanent collection site) Milton Police Department, 101 Federal St., Milton, DE 19968 Ocean View Police Department,201 Central Ave., Ocean View, DE 19970 (permanent collection site) For info on addictionrecognition, prevention and treatment, visit helpisherede.com